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Eiro banknotes

Mīts par Eiropu

Dažos jaunās sērijas eiro banknošu pretviltošanas elementos iestrādāts Eiropas – grieķu mitoloģijas tēla – portrets. Tāpēc tās sauc par Eiropas sērijas banknotēm. Iepazīstieties tuvāk ar mītu par Eiropu, faktoriem, kas noteica šā portreta izvēli, un tā izcelsmes vietu.


Mīts par Eiropu

Grieķu mitoloģijā feniķiešu karaļa meitu Eiropu pavedināja Zevs vērša veidolā un aizveda viņu uz Krētu. Šis stāsts iedvesmoja senos grieķus izmantot vārdu "Eiropa" kā ģeogrāfisku nosaukumu.

 

Portreta izvēle

Visā pasaulē portreti tradicionāli izmantoti uz banknotēm. Pētījumi rāda, ka cilvēki viegli atpazīst sejas. Eiropas portretu jaunajām eiro banknotēm izvēlējās tāpēc, ka tas skaidri asociējas ar Eiropas kontinentu un turklāt papildina banknotes ar cilvēcisku elementu. Konkrētais attēls atrodams uz vāzes Luvras muzejā Parīzē. Vāze, kas ir vairāk nekā 2000 gadu veca, tika atrasta Itālijas dienvidos.

 

Eiropa – eiro jaunā seja

Uzziniet, kā Eiropa kļuva par eiro jauno seju, un aplūkojiet Luvras muzeja kolekcijā redzamo antīko vāzi, uz kuras tā attēlota.


 

Zvanveida vāze ar sarkanām figūrām

  • Mākslinieks: Iliupersis

  • Apūlija, apm. 360. g. p.m.ē.

  • Darbnīca: Taranto

  • A puse: Eiropa un Zevs vērša izskatā

  • B puse: Dionīss, bakhante un satīrs

Kāpēc uz vāzes redzamais attēls tika izraudzīts par Eiropas simbolu?

Pirmkārt, jauna glezniecībā izmantotā piegājiena dēļ, kas maina Zeva un Eiropas mīlas stāstu.

Mākslinieks, pretēji daudziem viņa priekšgājējiem, neattēloja Zevu, kas vērša izskatā nolaupa Eiropu, bet gan pavešanas ainu, kura notika pirms nolaupīšanas. Mīlestības dieviete Afrodīte un viņas dēls Erots šo ainu ierindo galantās mitoloģijas repertuārā. Acīmredzama ir bagātīgi rotātās Eiropas, kas spoguļojas tuvējā dīķa ūdenī, koķetēšana, un varenā koši baltā vērša cieņas pilnais žests, par ko vēstī dzejnieks. Tā ir pavedinoša Eiropa.

 
Turklāt vāzes sarežģītais stāsts lieliski atspoguļo Eiropas identitātes veidošanas pamatā esošo mijiedarbību. Vāze izgatavota ap 4. gs. p.m.ē. vidu jauktas kultūras vidē Taranto apvidū Itālijas dienvidos, kur grieķi dzīvoja kopā ar reģiona pamatiedzīvotājiem. Tās grieķiskā izcelsme uzsver antīkās pasaules nozīmi kopējās kultūras veidošanās procesā. Šo vāzi, ko Dienviditālijā darinājis grieķu amatnieks, 19. gs. sākumā iegādājās Luvras muzejs, kur tā tagad glabājas.


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